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经济周期BUSINESS CYCLE

A time of economic prosperity 一段时间的经济繁荣recession 衰退;经济衰退Depression 萧条economic resurgence 经济复苏经济学题目,经济周期的英文,以及概念深度解释,我

A time of economic prosperity 一段时间的经济繁荣

recession 衰退;经济衰退

Depression 萧条

economic resurgence 经济复苏

经济学题目,经济周期的英文,以及概念深度解释,我写论文用的。

经济周期经济周期(Business cycle):也称商业周期、景气循环, 经济周期一般是指经济活动沿着经济发展的总体趋势所经历的有规律的扩张和收缩。

是国民总产出、总收入和总就业的波动,是国民收入或总体经济活动扩张与紧缩的交替或周期性波动变化。

过去把它分为繁荣、衰退、萧条和复苏四个阶段,表现在图形上叫衰退、谷底、扩张和顶峰更为形象,也是现在普遍使用的名称。

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经济周期BUSINESS CYCLE

求推荐一本基础经济学的书?英文原版

经济周期性变化指标包括先行指标、同步指标、滞后指标三类,具体的主要指标则有GDP增长率、失业率、价格指数等。

(一)先行指标。

先行指标是指预示未来月份经济状况和可能出现的商业周期性变化,并为分析者提供利率趋势变化早期迹象的市场指标。

这些指标的高峰和低谷顺次出现在经济周期的高峰和低谷之前,因此对将来的经济状况有预示作用。

先行指标有货币供应量、股价指数、房屋建造许可证的批准数量、机器设备的订单数量等。

先行指标一般能在总体经济活动发生变化之前6个月达到顶峰和谷底。

投资者采用该指标可以事先知道经济波动的转折点,从而采取恰当的投资策略。

如当货币当局减少货币供应量时,它一方面显示了当局的政策意图,暗含着目前经济中的过热趋向;另一方面会带来利率的提高,利率的提高会带来企业成本的上升,减少盈利,从而降低了对投资者的吸引力;利率提高增加了股票投资的机会成本,因而必然导致投资的减少进而引起股票价格的下降。

(二)同步指标。

同步指标是指其达到高峰或低谷的时间与总体经济出现高峰或低谷的时间大致相同的指标。

同步指标可描述总体经济的运行轨迹,确定总体经济运行的高峰或低谷位置。

它是分析现实经济运行态势的重要指标。

同步指标的变动时间与一般经济情况基本一致,可以显示经济发展的总趋势,并确定或否定先行指标预示的经济发展趋势。

主要的经济同步指标有国内生产总值、工业总产值、社会消费品零售总额等。

(三)滞后指标。

滞后指标是指相对于国民经济周期波动,在时间上落后于经济周期波动阶段的指标。

此类指标的变化一般滞后于国民经济的变化,有助于验证先行指标所表示的经济趋向是否真实。

如失业率,库存量,银行未收回贷款规模、全民固定资产投资、商业贷款、财政收支、零售物价总指数、消费品价格指数、集市贸易价格指数等。

描述股票上涨下降 英语作文

给你 中文与英文两个版本 英文有没有翻译错的 对照你自己整理下 影响股票价格的因素 影响股票价格变动的因素很多,但基本上可分为以下三类:市场内部因素,基本面因素,政策因素。

(1)市场内部因素它主要是指市场的供给和需求,即资金面和筹码面的相对比例,如一定阶段的股市扩容节奏将成为该因素重要部分。

(2)基本面因素包括宏观经济因素和公司内部因素,宏观经济因素主要是能影响市场中股票价格的因素,包括经济增长,经济景气循环,利率,财政收支,货币供应量,物价,国际收支等,公司内部因素主要指公司的财务状况。

(3)政策因素是指足以影响股票价格变动的国内外重大活动以及政府的政策,措施,法令等重大事件,政府的社会经济发展计划,经济政策的变化,新颁布法令和管理条例等均会影响到股价的变动 Affect stock price factor Affect stock price changes by many factors, but basically can is divided into the following categories: market internal factors, fundamental factors, policy factors. (1) the market internal factors, it mainly refers to the market supply and demand, namely financing area and the relative proportion chips, such as certain stages of the stock market expansion rhythm will become the factors important parts. (2) fundamental factors include macroeconomic factors and internal factors, macroeconomic factors that can influence the market is mainly in stock prices of factors, including economic growth, economic cycle, rates, budgetary revenues and expenditures, money supply, price, international payments and so on, our company internal factors mainly refers to the financial position of the company. (3) policy factor is enough to affect stock price changes of important domestic and international activities and government policies, measures and laws to major events, the government's social and economic development plan, economic policy changes, the newly issued decrees and regulations etc all can affect stock price changes 影响股票价格重要经济因素 股票价格是指在证券市场上买卖股票的价格。

实际上股票只是一种凭证,本身并没有价格,它之所以具有价格,能够在市场上进行买卖,是因为它可以给持有者带来股息收入。

股票内在的价值的大小取决于未来预期实现盈利、贴现率和未来反复的年限。

企业未来盈利越多,其现值越大,股票价格也越高,而贴现越高,股票内在价值就越低,股票价格也越低。

所以,在西方股票市场上,人们都密切注视着企业未来盈利的状况。

但事实上,股票价格的确定十分复杂,因为人们对一个企业未来盈利状况的看法并不全相同,有估计得比较悲观,股票在他们眼里的价值就低些,就要卖出;有的认为企业有发展的希望,股票在他们眼里价值就高些,就要买进。

当买者多于卖者时,股票的价格就上升;当买者少于卖者时,股票的价格就下跌。

所以,股票的市场价格与内在价格更多的时候表现为一致,投资者往往寻找那些内在价值大于市场的股票。

这样以来,就使股票的市场价格处于不断变化之中。

它不仅要受各种经济因素的影响而且要受政治局势、政府政策、投资者心理、报刊杂志的消息以及谣言等社会因素的影响。

下面着重分析一下影响股票价格的主要经济因素。

Affect stock price important economic factor Stock price "means in the stock market of stock price. Actually the stock is a certificate, does not itself, it is the price has price in the market, can be traded, because it gives the holder bring dividend income. Stock inner value depends on the size of the realization of the expected future earnings, the discount rate and future repeated the fixed number of year. Enterprise future earnings, the more its present value, the greater the stock price is higher also, and discount, the higher the stock intrinsic value will be lower, and stock prices also lower. So, in the west, people in the stock market is closely watched enterprise future earnings situation. But in fact, the determination of stock price is quite complex, because people to an enterprise future profitability opinion is not all the same, has an estimated more pessimistic, shares in their eyes the value of some lower, will sell, Some think the enterprise have the hope for the development of stock in their eyes, value as some taller, will buy. When buyers than sellers, stock prices went up, When buyers less than sellers, stock prices will fall. So, the price of stock market and inner price more of the time performance is consistent, investors tend to seek those intrinsic value than market shares. Since such, you will make the price of stock market is constantly changing. It should not only affected by various factors that influence the economic and political situation, by government policy, investor psychological, magazine, newspaper, news and rumors of social factors influence. Below are emphatically analyzed the ...

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